Critical Success Factors to Develop an Innovative Learning-Cluster: Empirical Analysis of Footwear Industrial Cluster in East Java

Abstract: Cluster approach has attracted discussion among scientists and has been widely used for economic development today. Various studies have shown that clusters can provide economic benefits and become source of economic growth. Many literatures have studied about cluster, but there is still necessity in identifying factors to develop an innovative learning-cluster. This paper proposes the critical success factor to develop an innovative learning-cluster. Through case study in a footwear cluster in Indonesia, it is found that several categories are not sufficient and needs to be strengthened. General preconditions become the foundation or the initial base, while networks & partnership, institutional capacity, and market & infrastructure for learning become the boosting factor. This indicates that there is a process which has to be passed to develop an innovative learning-cluster and it cannot directly be created from its establishment. For footwear cluster, technical skill and knowledge of human resources, particularly designer and marketing personel becomes key factor for learning to achieve innovation. Government policy becomes a limiting factor to form an innovative learning-cluster. Leadership factors also plays important role to direct strategic vision for the cluster.
Keywords: Innovative learning-cluster, success factors, innovation capacity, innovation performance, cluster development
Penulis: Dian Prihadyanti
Kode Jurnal: jpmanajemendd170321

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