Antimicrobial Activity Comparison Profile of Piper betle L., Pluchea indica L. and Citrus aurantifolia [Christm.] Swingle against Bacterial Isolates from Human Axillary Sweat with Odor Problem

Abstract: The research to compare the antimicrobial activity profile of Piper betle L. leaf, Pluchea indica L. leaf, and Citrus aurantifolia [Christm.] Swingle fruit against bacteria isolated from axillary sweat of six probandus having axillary odor problem had been done. Eight pure bacterial isolates came from this process, and then identified with Gram stain and several biochemical reactions. Staphylooccus aureus, S. epidermidis, and S. haemolyticus, known as bacteria that usually present in a large amount at human axilla skin with odor problem, were used also in this research. The tested plants were prepared with procedures that usually used by the Indonesian people as traditional home medicine to face the axillary odor problem. Furthermore, fucidic acid and potassium alumunium phosphate were used as reference drugs. Antimicrobial activity of all of the plants and the reference drugs against 11 bacteria were studied using agar diffusion method. The results showed that liquid extracted from Citrus aurantifolia [Christm.] Swingle. fructus had the highest antimicrobial activity compared to the two other plants against bacteria isolated from axillary sweat with odor problem, which was equal with the antimicrobial activity of potassium alumunium phosphate 20% w/v solution. Antimicrobial activity of betel leaf and beluntas leaf were equal with the antimicrobial activity of 19.06 μg/mL of fusidic acid solution.
Keywords: betel leaf, Piper betle L., beluntas leaf, Pluchea indica L., lime fruit, Citrus aurantifolia [Christm.] Swingle, antimicrobial, axillary odor
Penulis: Nur Miftahurrohmah, Syarmalina
Kode Jurnal: jpfarmasidd130426

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