Endocardial Border Detection Using Radial Search and Domain Knowledge

Abstract: The ejection fraction rate is a frequently used parameter when treating patients who suffered from heart disease. However, the measurement of this ejection rate depends on manual segmentation of left ventricle cavity in the end-systolic and end-diastolic phases. This paper proposes a semi-automatic algorithm for the detection of left ventricular border in two dimensional long axis ultrasound echocardiographic images. First, we apply a preprocessing filter to the ultrasound for the sake of speckle reduction. Then the knowledge of the anatomical structure of human heart and local homogeneity of blood pool is being used to detect the border of left ventricle. The proposed method evaluates 80 ultrasound images from four healthy volunteers and the generated contours are compared with contours manually drawn by an expert. The measured Dice Metric and Hausdorff Distance recorded by the proposed algorithm are 85.1% ± 0.4% and 3.25 ± 0.46 mm respectively. The numerical results reported in this paper indicate that the proposed algorithm is able to correctly segment the left ventricle cavity and can be used as an alternative to manual contouring of left ventricle cavity from ultrasound images.
Keywords: border detection; radial search; domain knowledge; segmentation of left ventricle; echocardiography
Author: Yong Chen, DongC Liu
Journal Code: jptkomputergg140028

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