The New Multipoint Relays Selection in OLSR using Particle Swarm Optimization

Abstract: The standard optimized link state routing (OLSR) introduces an interesting concept, the multipoint relays (MPRs), to mitigate message overhead during the flooding process. This paper propose a new algorithm for MPRs selection to enhance the performance of OLSR using particle swarm optimization sigmoid increasing inertia weight (PSOSIIW). The sigmoid increasing inertia weight has significance improve the particle swarm optimization (PSO) in terms of simplicity and quick convergence towards optimum solution. The new fitness function of PSOSIIW, packet delay of each node and degree of willingness are introduced to support MPRs selection in OLSR. The throughput, packet loss and end-to-end delay of the proposed method are examined using network simulator 2 (ns2).  Overall results indicate that OLSR-PSOSIIW has shown good performance compared to the standard OLSR and OLSR-PSO, particularly for the throughput and end-to-end delay. Generally the proposed OLSR-PSOSIIW shows advantage of using PSO for optimizing routing paths in the MPRs selection algorithm.
Keywords: multipoint relays, OLSR, protocol, particle swarm optimization, routing
Author: Reza Firsandaya Malik, Tharek Abdul Rahman, Razali Ngah, Siti Zaiton Mohd, Hashim
Journal Code: jptkomputergg120058

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