Pengaruh Senam Aerobik Low Impact Terhadap Penurunan Tingkat Depresi Pada Narapidana Wanita Di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Denpasar

Abstract:  Depression  occurs  when  the  stress  experienced  by  a  person  does  not  go away, and correlated with the dramatic incidents over  a person, just like a feeling of loss,  feelings  of  helplessness,  as  well  as  situations  that  lower  self-esteem,  this condition  is  similar  to  that  that  is  experienced  by  female  inmates  in  correctional institutions.  The  loss  of  freedom  and  lack  of  physical  activity  have  also  significant influence  to  the  condition  of  inmates ‘depression.  This  results  in  not  optimal  blood circulation. Oxygen and nutrients carried throughout the body and brain also decline, causing  the  decline  in  brain  metabolism  and  the  production  of  neurotransmitters, including  serotonin  and  norepinephrine  in  the  limbic  system  that  play  the  role  in making depression.  One  effort to overcome is  doing   regular  and structural  physical activity by doing low impact aerobics. This study aims to find out there is  effect of low  impact  aerobics  to  decrease    levels  of  depression  in  female  inmates.  This  study uses  the  design  of  one  group  pre-test  and  post-test  design.  The  sample  of  50  people selected  using  purposive  sampling.  Data    is  collected  by  using  questionnaires  Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) II. The results of study showed there is difference in the average  level  of  depression  before  and  after  given  the  low  impact  aerobics  for  t  = 10.176. Test results of paired sample t-test (p <0.05) obtained p-value = 0.000 <0.05, it can be stated there is  significant impact of low impact aerobics  on reducing levels of  depression to female inmates  at Denpasar Correctional Institution. Based on this study, it is suggested that female inmates routinely  do low impact aerobics so it can help  lower levels depression.
Key words: Low Impact Aerobic Exercise, Depression,  Female Inmates
Penulis: Meilan Purnamasari B. W, Ni Made., Sukawana, I Wayan., Suarnatha, Ketut
Kode Jurnal: jpkeperawatandd130078

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