Optic Nerve Head Segmentation Using Hough Transform and Active Contours

Abstract: Optic nerve head is part of the retina where ganglion cell axons exit the eye to form the optic nerve. Glaucomatous changes related to loss of the nerve fibers decrease the neuroretinal rim and expand the area and volume of the cup. Therefore optic nerve head evaluation is important for early diagnosis of glaucoma. This study implements the detection of the optic nerve head in retinal fundus images based on the Hough Transform and Active Contour Models. The process starts with the image enhancement using homomorphic filtering for illumination correction, then proceeds with the removal of blood vessels on the image to facilitate the subsequent segmentation process. The result of the Hough Transform fitting circle becomes the initial level set for the active contour model. The experimental results show that the implemented segmentation algorithms are capable of segmenting optic nerve head with the average accuracy of 75.56% using 30 retinal images from the DRIVE database.
Keywords: active contours, Hough transform, optic nerve head, retinal fundus image
Author: Handayani Tjandrasa, Ari Wijayanti, Nanik Suciati
Journal Code: jptkomputergg120079

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