Determinants of Multimorbidity among The Elderly Population in Indonesia

Abstract: Multimorbidity is the presence of two or more chronic diseases in one person. Multimorbidity prevalence increases with age, especially in the elderly. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of multimorbidity in elderly population in Indonesia and its determinant. Data were taken from the fourth survey of the Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) which held in 2007. IFLS is a continuing longitudinal socio-economic and health survey. The sample used in the analysis were 2,960 elderly (³ 60 years). Logistic regression was performed to determine the prevalence and determinants of multimorbidity in the elderly. The prevalence of multimorbidity were 15.8 % and was higher among low educational level, unemployed, current smokers, mild physical activity, overweight/obese and lower consumption of vegetables and fruit. Multivariate analysis showed that low educational level, unemployed, current smoker and ex smoker, overweight/obese, mild physical activity and lower consumption of vegetables and fruit were associated with multimorbidity. The results showed that the prevalence of multimorbidity in Indonesian elderly is quite high especially those with poor health behaviors and low socioeconomic conditions. Strategies to increase healthy behaviors and improve socio-economic conditions may decrease the prevalence of multimorbidity.
Keywords: Determinant; elderly; multimorbidity
Penulis: Yeni Mahwati
Kode Jurnal: jpkesmasdd140574

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