SUPLEMENTASI SYNBIOTIK LACTOBACILLUS CASEI STRAIN HIDUP DAN FRUCTO OLIGOSAKARIDA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN STATUS GIZI PENDERITA TUBERCULOSIS PARU DI KOTA MANADO

Abstract: Increased pulmonary tuberculosis in Manado City in 2009 amounted to 710 based on clinical symptoms rose to 9,108 cases in 2010 and who has been diagnosed with TB positive and is undergoing treatment as much as 895. One of the problems in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis is a decrease in feed intake followed by weight loss and changes in nutritional status into malnutrition . Lactobacillus strains is one of the normal intestinal flora that can fight against the evil germs and can help improve the absorption of nutrients from the intestine.
Methods: This study is an experimental study with a true experimental design. The population in this study were patients with pulmonary tuberculosis were enrolled in some areas health centers in the city of Manado were taken using the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and then randomly divided into 3 groups: a group that received probiotic supplementation , the group receiving probitik and prebiotic oligosaccharides Frukto and control groups . The sample size in this study using a hypothesis test for a population proportion (one- side test) accounted for 78 subjects .
Results: There were differences in either body weight or nutrient intake before and after the intervention in subjects given probiotic and prebiotic supplementation compared to control , in other words using probiotic and prebiotic interventions can improve nutrient intake and body weight of the subject.
Conclusion: Supplementation of probiotic and prebiotic in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis may improve nutrient intake, body weight and body mass index values of pulmonary tuberculosis patients
Keywords: Probiotics , Prebiotics , nutrient intake , nutritional status
Penulis: Yohanis Tomastola, Meildy Pascoal, Phembriah Kereh
Kode Jurnal: jpkesmasdd130521

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