Profle of Food and Nutrient Intake Among Indonesian Elderly Population and Factors Associated with Energy Intake: a Multi-centre Study

Abstract: to obtain profle of food and nutrient intake in Indonesian elderly population and factors associated with energy intake. Methods: multi-center cross sectional study in 13 hospitals across Indonesia was conducted among 387 elderly who had attended geriatric clinics. Data collected including demographic characteristics, functional status, cognitive status, mental status, nutritional status, food intake, present activities, and data on chronic diseases. Chi square and logistic regression tests were performed to analyze the data. Results: most of subjects (58.4%) were women and had educational background senior high school or higher degree (61.1%). The average of energy intake was 1266.74 (336.51) kilocalories. Calcium and protein intake were below the recommended of dietary allowance. female sex (OR 0.23; 95% CI 0.139–0.390) and osteoporotic subjects (OR 0.48; 95% CI 0.25–0.93) have lower risk for having <80% RDA daily energy intake, while lower educational level (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.21–3.18) has higher risk for having <80% RDA daily energy intake. Conclusion: total energy intake were inadequate in the elderly. Female sex and osteoporotic subjects have lower risk for having <80% RDA daily energy intake, while lower educational level has higher risk for having <80% RDA daily energy intake.
Key words: elderly, nutrient intake, food intake, micro nutrient, macro nutrient
Author: Siti Setiati, Kuntjoro Harimurti, Esthika Dewiasty, Rahmi Istanti, Yudho M. Mupangati, Dwi Ngestiningsih, Yosef Purwoko, IGP. Suka Aryana, R.A. Tuty Kuswardhani, I Dewa Putu Pramantara, Muhamad Apandi, Lazuardhi Dwipa, Fatichati Budiningsih, Rose Dinda, Novira Widajanti, Pirma Siburian, Sri Sunarti, Syamsu Umar, Edward Jim, Junaidi-AR
Journal Code: jpkedokterangg130270

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