ABSTRACT: Acute appendicitis is the most common surgical cause of acute abdominal pain in children. Perforated appendicitis is the major complication of acute appendicitis with incidence in children of 30-40%. Perforated appendicitis should be operated immediately along with the administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics. The aim of this study isto analyze the microbiological profle and determine the antimicrobial susceptibility in children with perforated appendicitis at Dr. Sardjito General Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.We analyzed the pus from the perforated appendicitis patients who underwent surgery at Dr. SardjitoGeneral Hospital from January 2005 to September 2009. Escherichia coli (43%) was the most common aerobic bacteria found in children with perforated appendicitis, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (26%), Klebsiellapneumonia (11%), Streptococcus (11%), and Proteus mirabilis (3%).The most sensitive antibiotics were imipenem, phosphomycin, amikacin and netilmicin, followed by the 4th and the 3rd generation of cephalosporin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. In addition,there was no statistically signifcant difference in terms of resistant and sensitivity between the 4th generation cephalosporin compared to phosphomycin, netilmicin, or imipenem (p > 0.05). In conclusion, the most common bacteria found in perforated appendicitis in Dr. Sardjito General Hospital is E.coli. The administration of the 4th generation of cephalosporin might be appropriate for the children with perforated appendicitis.
Keywords: microbiological profle - antimicrobial susceptibility - perforated appendicitis –children – Indonesia
Author: Andi Dwihantoro and Rochadi
Journal Code: jpkedokterangg160176