EFEKTIVITAS SUPLEMENTASI BUBUK DAUN KELOR (Moringa oleifera) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA IBU HAMIL YANG MENDERITA ANEMIA

Abstract: Nutritional adequacy are needed by every individual since the fetus is still in the womb, babies, children, adolescence, adulthood, to old age. Mother or expectant mother is vulnerable group because it requires adequate nutrition should be maintained nutritional status and health in order to give birth to healthy babies. Poor nutrition is one of the most common nutritional disorder that occurs during pregnancy that lead to iron deficiency anemia.  Many of these mothers provide little iron to the fetus is needed for normal iron metabolism, then they become iron deficiency anemia and hemoglobin levels fell below the mother 11gr% during the third trimester. Consumption of Moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera) is one alternative to tackling malnutrition in Indonesia. The results of modern scientific research proving that Moringa leaves are one source of plant-based foods rich in nutrients. The content of nutrients in the leaves of Moringa is 7 times the vitamin C in oranges, 4 times the vitamin A in carrots, 4 times the calcium in milk, 3 times the potassium in bananas, 3 times the iron in spinach and 2 times the protein found in yogurt or protein inside an egg. This study aims to determine the increase in hemoglobin levels in pregnant women who suffer from anemia after using moringa leaf powder. The design of the study is a quasi experimental that are one group pretest-posttest design. The population is pregnant trimester II-III; Samples are pregnant trimester II-III with anemia and total sample of 35 people. Moringa leaf powder Dosage: 2 x 2 capsules orally daily (Moringa leaf powder contains 500 mg / capsule) was given for 30 days. Examination using Hemometer Sahli.The results of the comparative hypothesis testing with Wilcoxon test between Hemoglobin levels before and after treatment values obtained significancy 0.000 (p < 0.05), so it can be concluded that there were significant differences between the Hemoglobin levels before treatment and after treatment. It was concluded that supplementation with powdered moringa leaves (Moringa oleifera) can improve hemoglobin levels in pregnant women suffering from anemia.
Keywords: Leaf Powder Moringa (Moringa oleifera), Hemoglobin levels, pregnant women,  anemia
Penulis: Sylvie S. Ponomban, Rivolta Walalangi, Vera T. Harikedua
Kode Jurnal: jpkesmasdd130514

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