KAJIAN BIJI KARET (HEVEA BRASILIENSIS) SEBAGAI KANDIDAT BAHAN BAKU PAKAN IKAN

ABSTRACT: A study on rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis) as a candidat of local fish feed ingredient in term of its abundance and nutrient value was conducted. Potency of rubber seed in Indonesia was analized using desk study. Sample of rubber seed was collected from husbandary belonging farmers and company in Batanghari District of Jambi Province. Rubber seed was meal and a part of the meal was processed to reduce its HCN content. Parameters tested were potency of rubber seed, proximate/amino acid composition and HCN concentration. The results showed that potency of rubber seed in Indonesia in 2013 was 5,67 million tons. Rubber seed contained 22,9% crude protein, 48,04% crude fat, 4,42 % crude fibre and 3,14 % ash, respectively. If fat content reduced to be 5,46 %, its protein increased up to 50,74%. Rubber seed had completely essential amino acids, but lack of lysin (0,39%) and methionin (0,01%). Toxic material of HCN in rubber seed could be reduced from 0,06% to 0,003% through chemical process.
Keywords: rubber seed potency, Indonesia, proximate composition, feed ingredient
Penulis: Mas Bayu Syamsunarno, Mas Tri Djoko Sunarno
Kode Jurnal: jppertaniandd140756

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